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Top 10 Mountains in Nepal


  Top 10 Mountains in Nepal  

✔ Mountain is a hill that rises at least 300 meters (1000 ft) from the sea level.

There are 4 types of mountains and they are volcanic, up-warped,  fault-block, and folded mountain. There are altogether 108 mountains in the world.

✔ There are altogether 1,310 mountains over 6,000m in height. Among all of them, Mt. Everest is the highest peak in the world located in Nepal.

✔ Mt. Everest is about 60 million years old. Today we are going to learn about the Top 10 Mountain in Nepal:


  1. Mt. Everest  

✔ Mt. Everest, also officially known as Sagarmatha, is the highest peak in the world in Nepal.

✔ According to the Tibetan Sagarmatha is also known as Qomolangama which means ‘ Mother Goddess of the World”.

Top 10 Mountains in Nepal

✔ The height of Mt. Everest is 8,848.86m. Mount Everest attracts many tourists, climbers, and so on.

✔ Mt. Everest presents some dangers such as altitude sickness, weather, wind, avalanches, and so on.

✔ The first person to climb Mt. Everest is Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay on May 29, 1953, and the first woman to climb Mt. Everest is Pashang Lahmu Sherpa. Radnath Sikhdar( Chief Computer Surveyor of India) was the first person to determine that Mt. Everest is the highest mountain in the world.

✔ Mount Everest is composed of 3 different types of rocks and they are the Rongbuk Formation, the North Col Formation, and Qomolngama Formation they consist of Sedimentary and Metamorphic rocks.


  2. Mt. Kangchenjunga  

✔ Kangchenjunga which is also known as Kanchenjunga is the third-highest mountain in the world, situated in the eastern Himalayas on the border between Sikkim Estate, Northeastern India, and  Eastern Nepal.

✔ It is located in the Taplejung district of Nepal.

Top 10 Mountains in Nepal

✔ Mount Kangchenjunga is surrounded by the Tamor River in the west, in the north by the Lhonak River and Jhongsang La, and the Teesta River in the east.

✔ Until 1852, Kangchenjunga was assumed to be the world’s highest mountain but after the calculation and measurement of the “Great Trigonometrical Survey”, it showed that Mt. Everest was the highest.

✔ In 1856 Mount Kangchenjunga was officially declared the third-highest mountain in the world after the survey.

✔ The overall height of Mt. Kangchenjunga is 8,586m. Mount Kangchenjunga is also known as Sacred Mountain.

✔ The first person to climb Mt. Kangchenjunga is Joe Brown and George Band on 25 May 1955. Altogether 58 people have died in Mt. Kangchenjunga till now.

✔ The death rate and success rate of Mt. Kangchenjunga are 22% and 29% respectively.


  3. Mt. Lhotse  

✔ Lhotse is the fourth largest mountain in the world after Kangchenjunga. Lhotse is a mountain massif in the Himalayan.

✔ According to the Tibetan Lhotse is also called South Peak. The height of Mt. Lhotse is 8,156m.

Mount in Nepal

✔ The success rate of the Lhotse is 67%. The first person to climb Mt. Lhotse were Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger who were a part of the Swiss expedition on May 18, 1956.

By December 2008, 371 climbers had summited Lhotse, and 20 had died during their attempt.

✔ Lhotse was not summited in 2014, 2015, and 2016 due to the series of incidents but was next summited in May 2017.

✔ Lhotse lies on the border between Nepal and China in the Himalayan region which is closely related to Mount Everest.

✔ The death rate of Lhotse according to the data of the surveyor is 3%.


  4. Mt. Manaslu  

✔ Manaslu which is also known as Kutang is the eighth-highest mountain in the world. The height of Mount Manaslu is 8,163m.

✔ According to Nepalese mythology, Manaslu means “Mountain of the Spirit”. Mt. Manaslu is located in the Gorkha district of Nepal in the east of Annapurna.

Mount in Nepal

✔ The success rate and death rate of  Mount Manaslu are 50% and 53 lives per 297 attempts respectively. Altogether 53 people have died on Mt. Manaslu till now.

✔ It is also known as the 4th dangerous mount behind Annapurna, Nanga Parbat, and K2.

✔ The first person to climb Mount Manaslu are Toshio Imanishi(Japan) and Gyaltsen Norbu(Nepal) on 9th May, 1956.

✔ The youngest person to climb Mount Manaslu was Nima Rinji Sherpa( 16 years 5 months and 12 days).

✔ Mount Manaslu is now being protected by the Manaslu Conservation Area Project (MCAP) which was established in 1997, aiming to conserve the limited Mount Manaslu.

✔ It is also known as “Killer Mountain”.


  5. Mt. Makalu 

✔ Makalu which is the world fifth-highest mountain in the world is located in Mahalangur Himalayas.

✔ According to the surveyor up to now altogether 500 people have climbed Makalu mountain.

Mount in Nepal

✔ Mount Makalu is famous for its spectacular beauty. We can see a subsidiary peak called Chomo Lonzo the North Of Makalu Summit. Makalu is actually a double peak and it is made of a perfect pyramid structure.

✔ The overall height of Makalu Mount is 8485m. According to the surveyor, the success rate of Makalu Mount is 16%. Altogether 40 people have died on this mountain till now.

✔ The first person to climb Mount Makalu was Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy of a French expedition led by Jean Franco on May 15, 1955.

✔ In Mount Makalu, an ascent was done without oxygen by 1960-61.


  6. Mt. Annapurna  

✔ Annapurna is the tenth highest mountain in the world which is located in the Annapurna mountain range of Gandaki Province, north-central Nepal.

✔ It is also known as one of the most difficult and dangerous mountains in Nepal. The overall height of Mount Annapurna is 8,091m.

Mount in nepal

✔ According to the Nepalese Etymology, Mount Annapurna is named after the Nepali Hindu goddess of food and nourishment.

✔ The name of Mount Annapurna is derived from the Sanskrit language Purna(Filled) and Anna(Food) which means “Everlasting food”.

✔ This area is being protected by Annapurna Conservation Area which is also the first and largest conservation area in Nepal.

Priyanka Mohite is the first Indian Woman to climb Mount Annapurna Successfully.

✔ According to the Survey of 2022, 365 people have climbed Mount Annapurna while 72 died while attempting.

✔ The death rate of Mount Annapurna is 29%. On June 3, 1950, the first attempt was made in Mount Annapurna.


  7. Mt. Cho Oyu  

✔Cho Oyu is the sixth-highest mountain in the world and is located in Province no 1 of Nepal.

✔ In Tibetan Cho Oyu means “Turquoise Goddess”. The overall height of Mount Cho Oyu is 8,188.

Mountain in nepal

✔ Cho Oyu is also considered one of the easiest mountains to climb. The success rate and death rate of Cho Oyu are 100% and 1% respectively.

✔ We can see a large number of climbers in Cho Oyu as the death rate of Cho Oyu is low in comparison to other mountains.

✔ Mount Cho Oyu was the first attempt in 1952 by an expedition organized and financed by the Joint Himalayan Committee of Great Britain.

✔ The first Nepali person to climb Cho Oyu was Pasang Dawa Lama.

✔ Mount Cho Oyu is now being protected by the Government of Nepal. Cho Oyu stands on the border between Nepal and China.

✔ Mount Cho Oyu is just 12 miles west of Mount Everest.


  8. Mt. Dhaulagiri  

✔ Dhaulagiri is the seventh-highest mountain in the world and the highest mountain within the borders of a single country(Nepal).  The overall height of Mount Dhaulagiri is 8,167.

Mount in nepal

✔ The name of Mount Dhaulagiri is derived from the Sanskrit language Dhawala Giri which means white, dazzling, beautiful mountain.

✔ Dhaulagiri is also known as the highest point of the Gandaki River basin.

✔ According to the surveyor total of 358 successful attempts have been made on Mount Dhaulagiri. The death rate at Mount Dhaulagiri is 16.2% according to the surveyor.

✔ Mount Dhaulagiri was first climbed by the Swiss-Austrian-Nepali expedition on 13 May 1960. Mount Dhaulagiri is a massif mountain.


  9. Mt. Machapuchare  

✔ Machapuchare which is also known as “Fishtail” in Nepali is a mountain which is located in Annapurna Massif which is located in the Gandaki province of Nepal.

✔ It is not allowed to climb to the peak of this mountain as it is not permitted by the government of Nepal.

Mount in nepal

✔ Mount Machapuchare is also a sacred mountain to the Gurung Community and people of Chomrong.

✔ It is also believed that it is the home of lord “Shiva”. The overall height of this mountain is 6,993.

✔ It is also known as an isolated summit which sits alone on the summit. It is believed that New Zealand climber Bill Denz made an illegal attempt in Machapuchare in the 1980s.

Since 1962 it has been banned from climbing Mount Machapuchare in Nepal. It is also believed that there is a religious fact hidden behind this mountain and so on.


  10. Mt. Api  

✔ Api is a mountain which is located in the Darchula district of Nepal. It is a little-known peak in a rarely visited part of the Himalayas, but it rises dramatically over the low surrounding terrain.

Mount in nepal

✔ The overall height of Mount Api is 7,132m. The first attempt was made by Westerners in 1899, 1905, and 1936 but it was unsuccessful.

✔ The Doshisha Alpine Society of Japan completed the Northwest Face route attempted by the 1954 party.  The first ascent of Api occurred in 1960.

✔ The Doshisha Alpine Society of Japan made a successful attempt on Mount Api in 1954. Api Mountain is located in the Sudurpaschim Province of Nepal.


Read about: Surrey Hills, England


                Verified Article by: Mr. Sudeep Thapa
Sudeep Thapa
Sudeep Thapa
Sudeep Thapa is a Founder and Chief Author at Best Ten Universe. He has completed a Bachelor of Business Studies from Lumbini Banijya Campus ( Tribhuwan University ) .

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